Caleb S.
Caleb S.

The 8 Parts of Speech - Learn with Examples

12 min read

Published on: May 31, 2024

Last updated on: Jun 19, 2024

Parts of Speech

Language is a fascinating tool that helps us communicate our thoughts, feelings, and ideas. Whether we're speaking, writing, or even just thinking, we rely on words to convey meaning. 

But have you ever stopped to think about the different roles words play in our language? That's where the concept of "parts of speech" comes in.

In this blog, we'll explore the fundamental building blocks of language, breaking down each part of speech including nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. We will help you understand how they work and how they contribute to the structure of sentences. 

By the end, you'll have a solid grasp of the basic components that make up the sentences we use every day.

What are Parts of Speech? 

Parts of speech are the fundamental categories into which words in a language are classified based on their grammatical functions and roles within sentences. These classifications help us understand how words behave in context and how they contribute to the overall structure and meaning of a sentence. 

Each part of speech serves a distinct purpose and has specific characteristics that differentiate it from other parts of speech.

Here are the 8 parts of speech:

  1. Noun
  2. Pronoun
  3. Verb
  4. Adjective
  5. Adverb
  6. Preposition
  7. Conjunction
  8. Interjection 

1. Nouns: Names for People, Places, and Things 

Let's start with one of the most familiar parts of speech: nouns.  A noun is a word that represents a person, place, thing, or idea. It can function as the subject or object of a sentence, and it may also serve as the complement of a verb or the object of a preposition. 

There are different types of nouns, including common nouns, abstract nouns, proper nouns, and gerunds. Gerunds are formed by adding "-ing" to verbs and function as nouns representing actions or activities.

Examples of Nouns 

  • Person: John, teacher, friend
  • Place: Paris, school, park
  • Thing: book, computer, table
  • Idea: love, freedom, happiness

2. Pronouns: Words that Replace Nouns 

Pronouns are handy little words that stand in for nouns, helping us avoid repetition and making our language more efficient. Instead of saying someone's name over and over again, we can use pronouns to refer back to them.

There are different types of pronouns, including personal pronouns, possessive pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, and reflexive pronouns. Each type serves a unique function in replacing nouns.

Examples of Pronouns 

  • Personal Pronouns: I, you, he, she, it, we, they
  • Possessive Pronouns: mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs
  • Demonstrative Pronouns: this, that, these, those
  • Reflexive Pronouns: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, themselves

3. Verbs: Actions and States of Being  

Verbs are the engines that drive our sentences. They express actions, states of being, or occurrences. Without verbs, sentences wouldn't have any action or meaning. 

There are different types of verbs, including auxiliary verbs, action verbs that depict physical or mental actions, and helping verbs that assist main verbs in forming verb phrases.

Examples of Verbs 

  • Action Verbs: run, jump, eat, sleep
  • State of Being Verbs: am, is, are, was, were
  • Helping Verbs: can, will, might, should, have, has, had

4. Adjectives: Describing Words 

Adjectives are words that describe or modify nouns or pronouns by adding information about their qualities, characteristics, or attributes. They help us paint a vivid picture in the reader's mind by providing information about qualities, characteristics, or attributes.

There are different types of adjectives including descriptive, demonstrative, quantitative, possessive, interrogative, and indefinite adjectives.

Examples of Adjectives  

  • Descriptive Adjectives: big, red, happy, beautiful
  • Quantitative Adjectives: few, many, some, several
  • Demonstrative Adjectives: this, that, these, those

5. Adverbs: Modifiers for Verbs, Adjectives, and Other Adverbs 

Adverbs are words that modify or describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs by providing additional information about the manner, time, place, or degree of an action or state.

They tell us how, when, where, or to what extent something happens.

Examples of Adverbs 

  • How: quickly, slowly, carefully
  • When: now, later, soon
  • Where: here, there, everywhere
  • To What Extent: very, extremely, somewhat

6. Prepositions: Relationship Words  

Prepositions show the relationship between a noun or pronoun and another word in the sentence. They often indicate location, direction, time, or manner.

Examples of Prepositions 

  • Location: in, on, at, under, above
  • Direction: to, from, toward, into, out of
  • Time: before, after, during, since, until

7. Conjunctions: Joining Words 

Conjunctions are the glue that holds our sentences together. They join words, phrases, or clauses to create compound sentences or complex relationships between ideas. 

Conjunctions can be categorized into coordinating conjunctions, which join similar elements, and subordinating conjunctions, which introduce dependent clauses.

Examples of Conjunctions 

  • Coordinating Conjunctions (FANBOYS): and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet
  • Subordinating Conjunctions: although, because, since, while, if, when, after

FANBOYS is an acronym representing coordinating conjunctions: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.

8. Interjections: Expressions of Emotion 

Interjections are short, exclamatory words or phrases that express strong emotions or reactions. They often stand alone and can convey feelings like surprise, joy, anger, or relief. 

Interjections are words or phrases used to interrupt or express sudden emotion, adding emphasis or intensity to a statement.

Examples of Interjections 

  • Wow!
  • Ouch!
  • Hurray!
  • Oops!
  • Yikes!

Here is a part of speech chart you can use.

8 parts of speech infographic -

8 Parts of Speech Definitions and Examples PDF 

Explore the 8 parts of speech pdf definitions and examples and download them for free.

Open and Closed Word Classes 

Open and closed word classes refer to different categories of words based on their flexibility and potential for expansion within a language.

Open Word Classes 

Open word classes are those that readily accept new words and can expand over time. They include parts of speech such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs.

New words can be added to these categories as languages evolve or encounter new concepts, experiences, or technologies.

For example, nouns expanded to encompass innovative concepts, such as "metaverse" and "cryptocurrency," reflecting advancements in technology and virtual reality. Verbs adapted to describe contemporary actions, like "troll" (meaning to provoke others online). 

Adjectives mirrored shifting societal values, with terms like "woke" and "cancel-culture" gaining prominence. Adverbs were coined to modify modern behaviors, such as "binge-watch" (to watch multiple episodes of a TV series in rapid succession).

Closed Word Classes 

Closed word classes are those that have a limited number of members and rarely accept new additions. They typically include parts of speech such as pronouns, conjunctions, prepositions, and determiners.

These categories have a relatively stable set of words and are less likely to incorporate new terms over time.

For example, pronouns such as "they" (used in non-binary gender contexts) continued to gain acceptance, while conjunctions like "because" and prepositions like "beyond" retained their traditional forms. Determiners such as "this" and "that" remained unchanged, serving their grammatical roles without significant modification.

In Summary, understanding the eight parts of speech is really important for both talking and writing well. If you know and get good at using these basic parts of language, you'll be able to express yourself clearly and correctly. 

This guide has hopefully given you a good understanding of grammar. Keep practicing, and you'll become a better communicator before you know it!

Not Sure About Your Grammar Skills? 

If you're unsure whether you're using words correctly or following grammar rules in your writing, you can use the Grammar Checker at It'll give you instant feedback on any spelling, punctuation, or structure mistakes, helping you improve your language skills and aim for great communication. Also, if you want instant help with essay writing, try out AI essay writer free with no sign-up

Continue Learning

If you want to learn more about academic writing, grammar, and related concepts, check out these blogs. 




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Caleb S.


Caleb S. (Masters)

Caleb S. is an accomplished author with over five years of experience and a Master's degree from Oxford University. He excels in various writing forms, including articles, press releases, blog posts, and whitepapers. As a valued author at, Caleb assists students and professionals by providing practical tips on research, citation, sentence structure, and style enhancement.

Caleb S. is an accomplished author with over five years of experience and a Master's degree from Oxford University. He excels in various writing forms, including articles, press releases, blog posts, and whitepapers. As a valued author at, Caleb assists students and professionals by providing practical tips on research, citation, sentence structure, and style enhancement.

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